Research and Paper Writing

Citation (Giving Credit)

About Citation

An Easy Way to Create a Bibliography in Microsoft Word video
Short video showing how to use MS Word to create citations and bibliographies.
How Do I Cite Sources?
An article to take you step-by-step through some general guidelines for citing sources.
How to Use the Citation Tool Built Into Google Docs
Short video showing how to use Google Docs to create citations and bibliographies.
MLA Style Center: Works Cited: Citations by Format
Shows how a citation looks depending on the format of the source (book, audio recording, website, etc.).
OWL: Purdue Online Writing Lab: MLA Formatting and Style Guide
Detailed explanation of MLA format from Purdue University’s Writing Lab.

Citation Tools

Chrome Extensions for Citation

Copyright & Fair Use

10 Big Myths about copyright explained
An attempt to answer common myths about copyright seen on the net and cover issues related to copyright and USENET/Internet publication. While the original article is very old it still has quite valuable information.
Copyright Basics
A short general overview from the Purdue University Library.
Copyright Frequently Asked Questions
Short overview of what copyright is and when it applies.
Creative Commons Licenses
Do you want to let other people use your work, but still give you credit? Maybe you’ve seen a “Creative Commons” license on something and want to know what it means? Check this site for the answers
Understanding Fair Use
At its core, fair use ensures that there are some kinds of uses that do not require permission or payment. But there are no easy rules for fair use – if you want to take advantage of its flexibility, you have to understand its complexities!

Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking Web
Over 100 free online tutorials on critical thinking, logic, scientific reasoning, creativity, and other aspects of thinking skills.
The Fallacy Files
Logical fallacies – what they are and how to recognize them.
Five simple strategies to sharpen your critical thinking video
Is the sky really blue? That might seem obvious. But sometimes things are more nuanced and complicated than you think. Here are five strategies to boost your critical thinking skills. From the ‘BBC Ideas’ YouTube channel.
A List of Fallacious Arguments
Describes several common fallacious arguments. Here you can learn to avoid using these false arguments yourself and to recognize when your opponant is using them.
The Ultimate Cheatsheet for Critical Thinking (infographic)
Want to exercise critical thinking skills? Ask these questions whenever you discover or discuss new information. These are broad and versatile questions that have limitless applications!
Why people fall for misinformation
How does a fact become a misconception? Dig into the world of misinformation to see how facts can become distorted and misleading.

Evaluating Sources

Evaluating Resources
The questions on this page should help you explain why a particular source is a good fit for your research project. From Berkeley University Library.
Evaluating Web Sites
From the Cornell Library, a set of questions to ask about the trustworthiness of a website. For a more general guide, check out Critically Analyzing Information Sources at the same site.
Four Moves
Part of the longer work, Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers, these simple steps offer specific web-based techniques that can get you closer to the truth on the web more quickly.
Four Moves and a Habit (pdf)
Handy infographic of four steps to take when checking unknown sites or dubious claims.
How to spot a misleading graph video
This TED-ED video discusses ways in which graphs can be used to mislead and outright manipulate, and what to watch out for to tell if a graph is honest or not.


College Guide to Preventing Plagiarism
From Marywood University, a very complete guide to the various kinds of plagiarism, with suggestions for avoiding accidental plagiarism, and links to detection tools.
A Guide to Plagiarism and Paraphrasing
A clear overview of plagiarism, paraphrasing, and citations, with links to writing tools and further resources.
This handout explains what plagiarism is and outlines steps students can follow to avoid plagiarizing.
Plagiarism One Page Overview
From the Purdue Online Writing Lab, a one-page overview of plagiarism is and isn’t.
Plagiarism Tutorial
A tutorial from the University of Southern Mississippi with information about plagiarism and citing sources, plus quizzes and a self-check test.
Test Your Knowledge
Plagiarism GameRecognizing and Avoiding Plagiarism (quiz) — Quiz: What Is Plagiarism at Indiana University?


How to Conduct Research Online
Offers a step by step process from finding a topic and refining it to various kinds of information you might look for.
Introduction to College Research
This online book (with download options) is a great place for informtion on disinformation, fact-checking, types of sources, search strategies, databases, citation, and more.
Introduction to Research
Research needs and requirements vary with each assignment, project or paper. Although there is no single “right” way to conduct research, certain methods and skills can make your research efforts more efficient and effective.
Learn to Research Videos for Secondary
A series of animated videos from the Oregon School Library Information System.
Purdue OWL: Research and Citation Resources
These OWL resources will help you conduct research using primary source methods, such as interviews and observations, and secondary source methods, such as books, journals, and the Internet. This area also includes materials on evaluating research sources.
Selecting a Topic
The ability to develop a good research topic is an important skill. …When deciding on a topic, there are a few things that you will need to do…

Writing Papers and Essays

10 Tips for Writing the Perfect Paper
Use this checklist for 10 tips to help make that paper perfect.
How to Write a Five-Paragraph Essay
Luckily, five-paragraph essays are really easy to write if you know the expected format and give yourself the time you need to write it. From WikiHow.
How to Write a Research Paper and get an ‘A’
Here, we’ll walk you through the most important aspects of making a paper, from beginning to end so you won’t have to whip up a paper in an afternoon, plagiarize, or neglect to do the assignment.
Quoting, Paraphrasing, & Summarizing
Explore 3 different ways of including the ideas of others into your assignments.
Recipe for Research: A Six-Step Process (PDF)
This guide offers a six-step process for acquiring and organizing information for a research assignment, with emphasis on writing a paper.
The Writing Center: Tips & Tools
Advice from a university on how to write for college.
Writing a Paper: Overview
A thorough yet easy to follow guide through the steps of writing, from describing the steps of the writing process to prewriting and outlining to how to make logical arguments to revising and proofreading.
Writing in College
This short 2016 textbook both explains the purposes behind college-level writing and offers indispensable advice for organization and expression. (2016)
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