Earth Science


General Earth Science

Earth and Geology Images
117 Ways to Pass the Earth Science Physical Setting Regents Exam
Handy list of key things to remember about Earth Science.
Arctic Passage
Companion to the NOVA program about the Franklin and Amundsen expeditions seeking a Northwest Passage (sea route) from the Atlantic to the Pacific across Canada.
CK-12 Earth Science
Click on the ‘Concepts’ button to browse by topic, or click the ‘Flexbook Textbooks’ button for online textbook at high school and Middle School levels.
DLESE Earth Science Literacy Maps
DLESE Earth Science Literacy Maps are a tool for teachers and students to find resources that relate to specific Earth science concepts. These maps illustrate connections between concepts and how they build upon one another across grade levels.
Discovering Antarctica
Take a journey through this site to discover Antarctica for yourself. Each section features activities, images, video clips and fact sheets, to help you learn about this distant, frozen wilderness.
Earth: A Graphic Look at the State of the World
The site (and the accompanying wall chart) are here to show you – in as clear, objective, and accessible a format as possible – the condition of the world — both its natural and human elements.
Earth Science World
Includes an image bank, timescale, climate data, information about geoscience careers, and Earth Science Week.
The Encyclopedia of Earth
A free, fully searchable collection of articles written by scholars, professionals, educators, and experts … [which] are written in non-technical language and will be useful to students, educators, scholars, professionals, as well as to the general public.
Energy Tutorial
Covers all sorts of energy sources from fossil fuels to nuclear power to alternative energy.
Exploring Earth
This site, which accompanies our Earth Science textbook, includes Investigations, Visualizations (rotate molecules! view an animation of the solar system!), links by subject, current news updates, and information on local resources.
Geology.com: What is Earth Science?
An introduction to the concepts of Earth Science and links to further information on particular Earth Science topics.
High School Earth Science
An online textbook at Wikibooks.
NASA Global Maps
Collection of maps NASA has published in recent years, showing Snow Cover, Sea Surface Temperature, Land Surface Temperature, Vegetation, Carbon Monoxide, Total Rainfall, and more.
Nature’s Fury: The Science of Natural Disasters
Earthquakes. Volcanoes. Tornadoes. Hurricanes. Awesome in their destructive power, these natural events remind us that we are small and vulnerable�and that living on this dynamic planet will always entail risk. An exhibit from the American Museum of Natural History.
Science Daily: Earth Science News
Browse the latest headlines or search by topic for earth science news and articles.
Take the Most Hazardous Science Quiz Ever
How many active volcanoes does the U.S. have? Where is sea level rising the fastest? These 10 questions test your risk savvy
A Tapestry of Time and Terrain
Woven into the fabric of this new map are data from previous U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) maps that depict the topography and geology of the United States. The resulting composite is the most detailed and accurate portrait of the U.S. land surface and the ages of its underlying rock formations yet displayed in the same image.

Earthquakes

Exploratorium: Faultline
Subtitled Seismic Science at the Epicenter, this site discusses historical and earthquakes, explains the basics of faults, plate tectonics, and waves, damage control, damage control, and current events in earthquake science.
National Geographic: Earthquakes
Earthquakes are naturally destructive effects of our planet’s constantly changing surface, and thousands of them happen every day. Includes information on the latest earthquakes – and how earthquakes work.
Nevada Seismological Lab
Studies seismic activity in Nevada and publishes the results. Includes Earthquake Maps of recent activity.
San Francisco Earthquake and Fire, 1906
Ready.gov: Earthquakes
Information on earthquake preparedness.
USGS: Earthquake Hazards Program
Facts, images, student and teacher resources, publications, observatories, videos and more from the United States Geological Survey.
USGS: Latest Earthquakes
Maps of the latest earthquakes from the United States Geological Survey.

Geology and Rocks

Amethyst Galleries’ Mineral Gallery
Amethyst Galleries’ Mineral Gallery is a large collection of mineral descriptions, images, and specimens … together with several ways of accessing these descriptions.
Athena Mineralogy
Here are mineral lists (IMA approved mineral names and varieties names) sorted either alphabetically or arranged systematically. Quite extensive.
Geologic Time Scale
Information about the history of the planet by geologic era.
Geological Society: Resources
Geology resources for students, teachers and anyone interested in the Earth.
Geology.com
News, maps, dictionary, and extensive series of articles on everything from geology careers, rocks and minerals, oceanography, astronomy, climate change, water, and many other topics related to geology and earth science.
Geology and National Parks
The geology and geologic history of the U.S. National Parks.
Geological Society: Glossary Terms
Planetary Science Institute: Glossary of geologic terms
Handy references to terms used in geology.
Interactives: The Rock Cycle
Site where students can learn all about rocks and geology, the science of rocks. They will learn how rocks can be identified, how they are formed, and how they change over time.
Mineralogy Database
Tons of information about mineralogy and specific minerals.
NASA: Earth Science
NASA: Earth Observatory
Tons of information and resources about the Earth as a planet.
National Centers for Environmental Information
Through the Center for Weather and Climate and the Center for Coasts, Oceans, and Geophysics, we provide over 25 petabytes of comprehensive atmospheric, coastal, oceanic, and geophysical data.
National Park Service: Rocks and Minerals
Learn about the properties of rocks and minerals and how they’re classified and identified.
Paleomap Project
The goal of the PALEOMAP Project is to illustrate the plate tectonic development of the ocean basins and continents, as well as the changing distribution of land and sea during the past 1100 million years.
UCMP: Geology Entrance
The Geology Wing is organized according to the geologic time scale. Exploring this series of exhibits will take you on a journey through the history of the Earth, with stops at particular points in time to examine the fossil record and stratigraphy.
USGS: United States Geological Survey
Lots of information about geology, especially in the U.S. One good place to start is the FAQ page.
Visible Paleo-Earth
We are using paleogeography and paleoclimate reconstructions combined with NASA satellite imagery to generate our best interpretation of the global visual appearance of Earth in the last 750 million years, as seem from space.

Oceans and Water

Census of Marine Life
This ambitious 2010 project has produced numerous books, films, images, reports, and academic publications. Images, videos, and further information are available on the website.
Circle of Blue
Current news and information about water issues in the U.S. and around the globe.
EPA: Water Topics
All sorts of information about water, water safety, water laws, and water news from the Environmental Protection Agency.
Infographic: Tallest Mountain to Deepest Ocean Trench
This graphic displays the various height reached by planes, mountains, buildings, divers, sea creatures, and the deepest explored locations on Earth.
Infographic: Ten Things You Should Know About Water
Facts about water and water use. Downloadable in .pdf format. (Circle of Blue, July 2009)
A Map of the Future of Water
The availability of fresh water is rapidly changing all over the world, creating a tenuous future that requires attention from policymakers and the public. (Trend Magazine, March 2019)
MarineBio.org
Explore the depths of MarineBio and find out about marine species, ocean conservation, research, and 100 Ways to Make a Difference Today.
National Geographic: Freshwater (videos)
The National Geographic Society’s freshwater initiative is a multi-year global effort to inspire and empower individuals and communities to conserve freshwater and the extraordinary diversity of life it sustains.
National Geographic: The Ocean
National Geographic looks at the oceans, their life, and issues affecting them.
National Geographic Special: April 2010: Water
An entire issue of National Geographic magazine examines various issues pertaining to water.
National Marine Sanctuaries Media Library
An online vault where a comprehensive collection of select video clips and high-resolution still images from America’s underwater treasures is available.
New England Aquarium: Education
The New England Aquarium is a global leader in ocean exploration and marine conservation. Site includes online exhibits and resources for students and teachers.
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation: Water
This page provides links to information on topics related to programs for the management and protection of the waters of New York State…
New York Times: Water
Links to articles about water in the U.S. and around the world.
NOAA: National Centers for Environmental Information
NCEI is responsible for hosting and providing access to one of the most significant archives on Earth, with comprehensive oceanic, atmospheric, and geophysical data. From the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun and from million-year-old sediment records to near real-time satellite images, NCEI is the Nation’s leading authority for environmental information.
NOAA: National Ocean Service
Charts, podcasts, articles, and information about coastal areas, tides, and oceans.
NOAA: Ocean Explorer
Provides public access to current information on a series of NOAA scientific and educational explorations and activities in the marine environment. Great graphics and videos!
An Ocean of Story Maps
… [T]he ocean community is telling powerful stories about ocean science, conservation, exploration and field work. The Story Maps in this collection were chosen for the outstanding ways that they are informing, educating, and inspiring scientists, conservationists, decision-makers, and the general public, on a wide variety of ocean issues.
Oceanus Magazine
Oceanus explores the oceans in depth, highlighting the research and researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in news, features, and interviews written by magazine staff, with full-color photographs and illustrations.
River Basins of the US in Rainbow Colors
High resolution map of all the permanent and temporary streams and rivers of the contiguous 48 states in beautiful rainbow colours, divided into catchment areas. Great visualization of connected waterways and watersheds in the U.S. (2016)
Smithsonian: Ocean
A unique, interactive online experience that inspires awareness, understanding, and stewardship of the world’s Ocean… with tons of information, news, photos, videos about the ocean, ocean ecosystems, and ocean history.
State of the Climate
The State of the Climate is a collection of monthly summaries recapping climate-related occurrences on both a global and national scale. From NOAA.
This incredible animation shows how deep the ocean really is
Just how deep does the ocean go? Way further than you think. This animation puts the actual distance into perspective, showing a vast distance between the waves we see and the mysterious point we call Challenger Deep.
USGS: Science Explorer: Water
To understand the Nation’s water resources, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collects hydrologic and water-quality information and provides access to water data, publications, and maps, as well as to recent water projects and events. There are also sections for monitoring California Water Center and a Water Science School.
United States Drought Monitor
The U.S. Drought Monitor, established in 1999, is a weekly map of drought conditions that is produced jointly by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC) at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute
The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution is dedicated to advancing knowledge of the ocean and its connection with the Earth system through a sustained commitment to excellence in science, engineering, and education, and to the application of this knowledge to problems facing society.

Plate Tectonics

Berkeley: Geology: Plate Tectonics
Information on the history of the idea of plate tectonics, how tectonics works, and downloadable short animations illustrating the concept.
This Dynamic Earth: the Story of Plate Tectonics
Online edition of a book about plate tectonics; with plenty of clear illustrations.
Geology.com: Plate Tectonics
Pages from Geology.com about plate tectonics, seismic activity, and the structure of the Earth.
National Geographic: Plate Tectonics
The Earth’s plates jostle about in fits and starts that are punctuated with earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
National Park Service: Plate Tectonics
The story of plate tectonics starts deep within the Earth. Although the Earth appears to be made up of solid rock, it’s actually made up of three distinct layers: the crust, mantle, and core. Each layer has its own unique properties and chemical composition.</q?
Plate Tectonics
Plate Tectonics describes the intricate design of a complex, living planet in a state of dynamic flux. Includes articles, images, and an online ‘book’ about tectonics.

Tsunamis

International Tsunami Information Center
All sorts of information about tsunamis, from how they’re caused to current news. Includes data on recent events and exceptional ones going back to the 1920s.
NCEI: Tsunami Data and Information
NCEI and the co-located World Data Service for Geophysics compile a unique set of tsunami-related products as part of a continuing program to support the interests of tsunami warning centers, engineers, oceanographers, seismologists, and the general public.
NOAA: Tsunamis
NOAA has primary responsibility for providing tsunami warnings to the Nation, and a leadership role in tsunami observations and research. Includes tsunami basics, hazard assessment, tsunami preparedness, NOAA’s role in researching and tracking tsunammis, animations, and more.
Tsunamis 101
A National Geographic video explaining how a tsunami is born … and how it destroys.
USGS: Tsunami and Earthquake Research at the USGS
Information from the United States Geographical Survey, including a number of tsunami animations.

Volcanoes

BBC: Animated Guide: Volcanoes
Volcanoes are awe-inspiring displays of the powerful forces of nature. Use this animated guide to find out how they are formed and what happens in an eruption.
BBC News: How Volcanoes Have Shaped History
Article about how volcanoes and resulting short-term climate change have affected history.
Geology.com: Volcanoes and Volcanic Eruptions
An extensive set of pages about all aspects of volcanoes – on Earth and off, historic and current, large and small.
How Volcanoes Work
This website is an educational resource that describes the science behind volcanoes and volcanic processes. … It is intended for the education of
university students of geology and volcanology and teachers of earth science.
Each section in the menu builds upon previous sections.
LA Times: Memorable Volcano Eruptions from the Past
A photo gallery from the L.A. Times.
Vocanic Explosivity Index
A visual scale for comparing different events and for understanding the amount of damage that events of different size can cause.
USGS: Cascades Volcano Observatory
USGS: Volcano Hazards Program
Facts, images, student and teacher resources, publications, observatories, videos and more from the United States Geological Survey.
Volcano: Nature’s Inferno (video)
National Geographic transports you to some of the world’s most notorious volcanoes, including Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines and Japan’s Mount Unzen. Join volcanologists in their dangerous quest to forecast eruptions and save lives…
VolcanoLive.com
Extensive site with volcano facts, figures, history, and tons of pictures.
National Geographic: Volcanos, Explained
These fiery peaks have belched up molten rock, hot ash, and gas since Earth formed billions of years ago.
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