World History

Ancient History (General)

Ancient History Encyclopedia
We work to help people of all ages gain a deeper knowledge of our globally connected human past, in order to create a more open-minded and tolerant world.
Ancient Mesopotamia: This History, Our History
The purpose of this website is to disseminate knowledge and awareness of this ancient civilization that will lead to a better understanding of ourselves, others, and of current events for the K-12 community.
The Ancient Web
Images, videos, news, and stories about the ancient world.
Annotated Sources for Ancient Gaul and the Celts
A wiki with an extensive set of links to resources on Gaul and the Celts, compiled by a high school class studying Caesar’s Gallic Wars.
BBC: Ancient History
Part of the BBC’s large selection of educational offerings. (Archived site.)
Best of History Websites: Ancient/Biblical History
Here you’ll find sites, rated for usefulness and accuracy, that will help you study or teach a wide variety of topics and periods in History.
The British Museum: Ancient Civilizations Websites
Links to the British Museum’s pages on ancient Greece, Rome, Egypt, China, India, and more.
Forum Romanum
Collection of links concerning Latin language and Roman history and culture, with many visual images. A Perseus Award site. Ancient History Ancient History (Videos)
Today’s world owes an immense debt to the mighty empires and great cities of ancient history. Their inventions and ideas enabled the advancement of human society and laid the foundation for modern life.
History Link 101
The cultures of Africa, Aztec, China, Egypt, Greece, Mayan, Mesopotamia, Rome, Olmec, Prehistory, Middle Ages and World War II are divided into categories of Art, Biographies, Daily Life, Maps, Pictures and Research and more.
The History of Rome
Archive of podcast series …tracing the history of the Roman Empire, beginning with Aeneas’s arrival in Italy and ending with the exile of Romulus Augustulus, last Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. (Archived.)
Internet Ancient History Sourcebook
This site contains hundred of local files as well as links to source texts throughout the net, covering areas including Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome, and Christian Origins among others.
LacusCurtius: A Gateway to the Roman World
Roman antiquities, texts, architecture, maps, and scholarly works about the classical world.
Odyssey Online
A set of pages for students with interesting facts about ancient civilizations. From the Michael C. Carlos Museum of Emory University.
ORBIS: The Stanford Geospatial Network Model of the Roman World
Taking account of seasonal variation and accommodating a wide range of modes and means of transport, ORBIS reveals the true shape of the Roman world and provides a unique resource for our understanding of premodern history.
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
A virtual tour of the Seven Wonders, of which only the Great Pyramid is still around today. Ancient History and Culture
The Roman Empire and Qing Dynasty are now only ruins, but there’s far more to discover about the ancient world. Explore classical history, mythology, language and literature, and learn more about the many fascinating figures of the ancient world.
World History – HyperHistory
An excellent reference covering people, events, and maps over 3,000 years of history.

Ancient Americas

About: Archaeology: Top 10 Ancient American Civilizations
Brief discussions and links to further resources about such civilizations as the Olmec, the Incas, the Mayas, and the Aztecs.
The Ancient Americas
The Field Museum’s innovative new exhibition, The Ancient Americas tells the story of human life in the Americas, from the arrival of small groups of hunter-gatherers, whose way of life survived into the 20th century, to the great but fragile empires of the Aztec and the Inca, which came to brutal ends with the arrival of Europeans.
National Geographic: Ancient Americans
Eight articles about ancient Americans from National Geographic magazine are highlighted here, with links to maps, videos, and further articles.
Native American Society on the Eve of British Colonization
This is the first chapter of an online textbook about American history.
Odyssey Online: Ancient Americas
A set of pages for students with interesting facts from the Michael C. Carlos Museum of Emory University.
Social Studies for Kids: Aztec
Social Studies for Kids: Inca
Social Studies for Kids: Maya
Links to pages with information for students. (Note: full of ads.)

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt: An Introduction
Exploration of ancient Egyptian art. From Khan Academy.
BBC History: Ancient Egyptians
Although this site is no longer updated, it still has a lot of good information about ancient Egyptian society and culture.
The British Museum: Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egyptian life, geography, religion, writing, and more. Ancient Egypt
For almost 30 centuries—from its unification around 3100 B.C. to its conquest by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C.—ancient Egypt was the preeminent civilization in the Mediterranean world. From the great pyramids of the Old Kingdom through the military conquests of the New Kingdom, Egypt’s majesty has long entranced archaeologists and historians and created a vibrant field of study all its own.
Virtual Egypt
An educational resource about ancient Egypt. Learn about pyramids, hieroglyphics, mummys, view articles, photos and multimedia. Come on in today and learn more about Egyptian history.

Classical Greece & Rome

40 maps that explain the Roman Empire
Here are 40 maps that explain the Roman Empire — its rise and fall, its culture and economy, and how it laid the foundations of the modern world. Ancient / Classical History
Information on ancient life: the daily habits and customs of ancient people, including food, bathing, marriage, social position of women, and funerals. With links to other pages.
Ancient Greece (The British Museum)
The site is divided into ten ‘chapters’ which address themes or topics relevant to ancient Greece. Although primarily aimed at the middle school level, there are items of interest here for all.
Ancient Rome
History, biography, timelines, maps, literature, art… all sorts of information on ancient Rome.
Classics Unveiled
Portal to four classics sites online: MythNET (classical mythology), Rome Unleashed (Roman history), Rome Exposed (Roman life), and Latin Wordstock (Latin vocabulary and derivatives).
The Classics Pages
Over 1000 pages of news, information, games and controversy about the life, literature, art and archaeology of the ancient world of Greece & Rome.
A Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire
Roman provinces, roads, cities and towns, neatly laid out on a terrain map with sidebar annotations.
Digital Roman Forum
What the forum was like in late classical times.
Forum Romanum
Collection of links concerning Latin language and Roman history and culture, with many visual images. A Perseus Award site.
Greco-Persian Wars: Thermopylae
Detailed description of the historic battle.
LacusCurtius: A Gateway to the Roman World
Roman antiquities, texts, architecture, maps, and scholarly works about the classical world.
Livius: Articles on Ancient History
Livius is a site containing dozens of articles on varying ancient history topics by a professor of ancient history.
A simplified version of the giant network of cities, roads, rivers and sea lanes that framed movement across the Roman Empire. This is basically a fancy map interface which allows one to zoom in, pan around, and virtually ‘travel’ across the ancient Roman world.
The Roman Empire
Companion website to a PBS series about the Roman Empire in the first century.
Rome Reborn
An international initiative whose goal is the creation of 3D digital models illustrating the urban development of ancient Rome from the first settlement in the late Bronze Age (ca. 1000 B.C.) to the depopulation of the city in the early Middle Ages (ca. A.D. 550). With images and video.

Governments and Political Systems

Alexis de Tocqueville: Democracy in America
Complete text of de Tocqueville’s famous work on American history, character, and government in the 1830’s. Also available as free downloadable files in various formats from Project Gutenberg: volume 1volume 2.
Alternatives to Capitalism and Democracy
An overview of “alternatives to democracy” from the 2001 book The Economic History of the Twentieth Century.
Ancient Greek Philosophy
Check out Constitute to read, search, and compare the world’s constitutions!
The Core Documents of our Democracy
The purpose of this guide is to showcase the core documents, websites and databases that provide vital information about the workings and activities of our Federal Government.
Global Integrity
Global Integrity is an independent, non-profit organization tracking governance and corruption trends around the world. Global Integrity uses local teams of researchers and journalists to monitor openness and accountability.
James Russell Lowell: On Democracy
Essay on American democracy by American poet and man of letters James Russell Lowell in the 19th century.
Political Philosophy
Political philosophy is the study of fundamental questions about the state, government, politics, liberty, justice and the enforcement of a legal code by authority. (Philosophy Basics). For further information, check out Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Philosophy Basics, or the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online.
Political Resources on the Net
Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world.
University of Michigan Documents Center: Political Science
Find political science data, articles, encyclopedias, handbooks and information about quantitative and qualitative research methods along with information on writing dissertations, publishing, and non-traditional research methods like digital scholarship.
Wikipedia: Forms of Government /
Government /
Political Philosophy
General introductions with links.
World Statesmen
World Statesmen is an encyclopedia of nations, colonies, international and religious organizations, and other polities mostly since the year 1700. Country facts, maps, anthems, flags, links, and multiple indexes are included.


General Imperialism

African Slave Trade and European Imperialism
A timeline with links.
Boundless U.S. History: American Imperialism
Overview of American imperialism in the latter part of the nineteenth century.
The Colonization of Africa
Between the 1870s and 1900, Africa faced European imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, military invasions, and eventual conquest and colonization. An exhibition from the New York Public Library.
Encyclopedia: The New Imperialism
Presents nice overview of modern imperialism from online hyperlinked encyclopedia.
Imperialism 101
This shapter from a book published by prolific progressive author looks at modern imperialism.
Imperialism: Crash Course World History #35 (video)
John Green teaches you about European Imperialism in the 19th century. European powers started to create colonial empires way back in the 16th century, but businesses really took off in the 19th century, especially in Asia and Africa.
In Defense of Imperialism
An opinion article arguing that imperialism can be good in some cases. (2014)
International Encyclopedia of the First World War: Imperialism
This article focuses on the extent to which imperialism contributed to the outbreak of the First World War.
Internet Modern History Sourcebook: Imperialism
Internet Modern History Sourcebook: The Long Nineteenth Century
Excellent resources for links to websites and primary sources.
John Hobson: Imperialism
1902 article on imperialism by a British economist.

The Belgian Congo

The Butcher of Congo
(Interview with the author of King Leopold’s Ghost.)
King Leopold’s ‘Heart of Darkness’
In 1885, King Leopold II of Belgium gained a vast area in central Africa as his personal possession. His greed and the system of forced labor he imposed there prompted the first human rights movement of the 20th century.
Info Please: Congo, Democratic Republic: History
Short history by the Information Please Almanac.
Internet Africa History Sourcebook: European Imperialism
Colletion of links to articles from the Internet History Sourcebook site.
The Open Door Website: History: The Scramble for Africa: Belgium
Provided by secondary school teachers.
The Story of the Congo Free State
Selections from a 1920 book about imperialism in Africa.

British India

BBC: The British Presence in India in the 18th Century
BBC: British India and the ‘Great Rebellion’
Archived pages from the British History section of the British Broadcasting Company site.
The British Empire
This site tries to bring to life the peoples, cultures, adventures and domination that made the Empire such a powerful institution.
Internet Indian History Sourcebook
Excellent resource for links to primary source documents and other sites.
Library of Congress: Country Studies: India
Scroll down for history links.
Queen Victoria’s Empire: Passage to India
From PBS.
Manas: History and Politics, British India
From a large site about India and its neighbors hosted at UCLA.

China and the Opium Wars

The Chinese Opium Wars
Srticles and illustrations from a website on the Victorian era.
The Opium Wars: The Bloody Conflicts That Destroyed Imperial China
In 1839, England went to war with China because it was upset that Chinese officials had shut down its drug trafficking racket and confiscated its dope. Stating the historical record so plainly is shocking?—?but it’s true, and the consequences of that act are still being felt today. (August 2016)
The Emergence of Modern China
Project from a professor at the University of Maryland.
Letter of Advice to Queen Victoria
Letter from the Chinese Commissioner to Queen Victoria detailing the Chinese issues which led to the Opium Wars.
A Short History of the Opium Wars
Exerpt from a history book.
Tea and Opium
Explores the history and economics of British-Chinese interactions.. The First and Second Wars
Overview of the background, history, and results of the Opium Wars.

Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution
Annotated list of links to sites about the Industrial Revolution.
The Ecological Impact of the Industrial Revolution
Essay from a professor at Western New England College.
Halsall: Internet Modern History Sourcebook: Industrial Revolution
Subject-organized links about the Industrial Revolution.
Digital History: The Gilded Age
Selections from online American history textbook. (Scroll down the page to “Industrialization and the Working Class”.)
The Industrial Revolution and the Railway System
An analysis of early railroads in England and America.
The Plight of Women’s Work in the Early Industrial Revolution in England and Wales
How the Industrial Revolution affected and was affected by women.
Spartacus Educational: Child Labour in Britain
Short articles about child labor during the British Industrial Revolution.
Toynbee Lectures on the Industrial Revolution in England
Toynbee on the Industrial Revolution (alternate site)
Famous lecture by historian Arnold Toynbee.

Middle Ages & Renaissance

BBC: History: Middle Ages
Archives of articles about Great Britain during the Middle Ages.
The Great Courses Daily: The Rise of Europe in the Middle Ages
During the Middle Ages, between about 900 and 1300, Europe experienced one of the longest periods of sustained growth in human history. What factors led to this tremendous expansion?
Eyewitness to History: The Middle Ages and Renaissance
Exerpts from primary sources with explanatory text. Middle Ages Renaissance
Articles, videos, and images about the Medieval and Renaissance periods from The History Channel.
A History of the Crusades
A collaborative and comprehensive treatment of the topic, ranging in time from the first 100 years of the Crusades to their ultimate impact on the histories of the Near East and Europe. The work is comprised of six volumes, each of which is included here in its entirety.
Internet Medieval Sourcebook
Primary sources on various topics in medieval history.
The Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies
Provides free, organized access to electronic resources in medieval studies through a … server at Georgetown University. The Labyrinth’s easy-to-use menus and links provide connections to databases, services, texts, and images on other servers around the world.
Life in Elizabethan England
Free online book about what life was like in the age of Elizabeth I.
Medici: Godfathers of the Renaissance
PBS site about the Medici family of Florence – patrons of the arts, bankers, and ruthless politicians.
The Middle Ages
People, arts, literature, wars and weapons, and culture of the Middle Ages. Includes a special section on the Black Death.
Mostly Medieval: Exploring the Middle Ages
Here you will find information on heraldry, myths and legends, religion, medicine, and other aspects of life in Britain during the Middle Ages.
Regia Anglorum
Regia Anglorum attempts to recreate a cross section of English life around the turn of the first millennium….. an interactive experience for anybody with an interest in Early Medieval Europe and in Anglo-Saxon and Viking Britain in particular. Medieval and Renaissance History
Gather round all ye fair maidens and travel back to medieval times to explore the history, people, culture, and events of the Middle Ages and Renaissance.

Twentieth Century

20th Century Documents : 1900 – 1999
Major documents of the 20th century, from the Avalon Project at Yale Law School.
Modern World History: 1918-1980
Short articles on topics from the Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points and the Treaty of Versailles through the 1982 Falklands War.
Historical Altas of the Twentieth Century
The twentieth century as seen through annotated maps.
History Channel: Topics
Choose a subject to read articles about 20th century history, including early 20th century US, Communism’s rise and decline, and more.
History on the Net: Twentieth Century
Includes articles about the Titanic, World War One, Nazi Germany, the Holocaust, and the Cold War.
Internet Modern History Sourcebook
Large collection of links to primary source documents on modern history.
Khan Academy: The 20th Century
This topic takes us on a journey from the end of Imperialism through two world wars and the Cold War and brings us to our modern world.
Rutgers Oral History Project
An enterprise to record the personal experiences of: Rutgers University alumni and/or New Jersey residents who served on the home front and overseas during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War among other topics.
Slouching Towards Utopia: The Economic History of the Twentieth Century
Online draft of a book from a professor of economics.
Stuff You Missed in History Class: 20th Century
Check here for trivia and overlooked topics in 20th century history. Timeline of the 20th Century
This century witnessed two world wars, the Great Depression of the 1930s, the Holocaust in Europe, the Cold War, revolutionary social equality movements, and the exploration of space. Follow the changes in this decade-by-decade timeline of the 20th century.
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